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Organic Chemistry

 

Instructors are available during posted office hours to assist you with understanding course subject matter.

Office hours for LU Organic Chemistry instructors are:

Instructor Name:

Office hours:

 

Supplementary Instruction (SI) is offered for LU  Organic Chemistry courses.  Class Facilitators are an excellent resource for help with understanding course content.

Spring 2012 Organic Chem SI Classes:

Facilitators’ Names:

SI Organic Chem Schedule:

 

Instructors’ class lecture notes are posted here.  If your own class notes are not clear, you might want to review the lecture notes that are available on line here.

 

Online Study Aids

In addition to the above resources, there are many great study aides available online.  Some of those resources are listed below.

Here is a virtual Organic Chemistry textbook developed by Dr. William Reusch, retired Chemistry professor at Michigan State University: http://www2.chemistry.msu.edu/faculty/reusch/VirtTxtJml/intro1.htm

 

Sections in bold type represent broad topics, and hyperlinked text links to specific subject matter. 

General Principles       

Structure & Bonding

Chemical Reactivity 

 

Electron Configurations of Atoms

Chemical Bonding & Valence

Charge Distribution in Molecules

Practice Problems

The Shape of Molecules

Isomers

Analysis of Molecular Formulas

Resonance

Atomic and Molecular Orbitals

Practice Problems

 

Reaction Classification

By Structural Change

By Reaction Type

Acid-Base Reactions

Oxidations & Reductions

By Functional Group

Reaction Variables

Reactants & Reagents

Product Selectivity

Other Variables

Reaction Rate

Intermediates

Reaction Energetics

Bond Energy

Electronic Effects

Steric Effects

Solvent Effects

Reaction Mechanisms

Curved Arrow Notation

Reactive Intermediates

Reaction Illustrations

Nucleophilicity & Basicity

Acid-Base Catalysis

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Intermolecular Forces 

Aromaticity 

Boiling & Melting Points

Hydrogen Bonding

Crystalline Solids

Water Solubility

Practice Problems

 

Benzene

Fused Ring Compounds

Other Aromatic Compounds

The Hückel Rule

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Nomenclature 

 

Alkanes

Cycloalkanes

Practice Problems

Alkenes & Alkynes

Substituted Benzenes

Other Functional Groups

Practice Problems

 

 

 

 

Stereoisomers Part I

Stereoisomers Part II

Alkene Configurational Isomers

Cycloalkane Configurational Isomers

Practice Problems

Conformational Isomers

Ethane

Butane

Cycloalkanes

Substituted Cyclohexanes

Practice Problems

 

Chirality & Symmetry

Symmetry Elements

Enantiomorphism

Optical Activity

Configurational Nomenclature

Compounds with Several Stereogenic Centers

Stereogenic Nitrogen

Fischer Projection Formulas

Achiral Diastereomers

Other Configurational Notations

Resolution

Conformational Enantiomorphism

Practice Problems

 

 

 

 

Functional Group Reactions

Alkanes

Alkyl Halides

Combustion

Substitution (of H by halogen)

Practice Problems

 

Occurrence

General Reactivity

Substitution(of X)

SN2 Mechanism

SN1 Mechanism

Elimination (of HX)

Summary of Substitution vs. Elimination

Substitution by Metals

Elimination Reactions of Dihalides

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Alkenes

Alcohols

Electrophilic Additions

Strong Brønsted Acids

Lewis Acids (non-Proton Electrophiles)

Electrophilic Halogen Reagents

Other Electrophilic Reagents

Reduction

Oxidation

Radical Additions

Allylic Substitution

Practice Problems

Dienes

Addition Reactions

Diels-Alder Cycloaddition

Practice Problems

 

Nomenclature

Reactions of Alcohols

Substitution of the Hydroxyl H

Substitution of the Hydroxyl Group

Elimination of Water

Oxidation of Alcohols

Reactions of Phenols

Acidity of Phenols

Ring Substitution of Phenols

Oxidation to Quinones

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Alkynes

Ethers

Addition Reactions

Hydrogenation

Electrophiles

Hydration & Tautomerism

Hydroboration

Nucleophilic Addition & Reduction

Acidity of Terminal Alkynes (Substitution of H)

Practice Problems

 

Nomenclature

Preparation of Ethers

Reactions of Ethers

Acid Cleavage

Peroxide Formation

Epoxide Reactions

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Thiols & Sulfides

Benzene & Derivatives

Sulfur Analogs of Alcohols & Ethers

Electrophilic Substitution

A Substitution Mechanism

Reactions of Substituted Benzenes

Reaction Characteristics

Reactions of Disubstituted Rings

Reactions of Substituent Groups

Nucleophilic Substitution, Elimination & Addition Reactions

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Amines

Phosphines

Nomenclature & Structure

Properties of Amines

Boiling Point & Solubility

Basicity of Nitrogen Compounds

Acidity of Nitrogen Compounds

Important Reagent Bases

Reactions of Amines

Electrophilic Substitution at Nitrogen

Preparation of 1º-Amines

Preparation of 2º & 3º-Amines

Practice Problems

Reactions with Nitrous Acid

Reactions of Aryl Diazonium Intermediates

Elimination Reactions of Amines

Oxidation States of Nitrogen

Practice Problems

 

Phosphorus Analogs of Amines

 

 

Aldehydes & Ketones

Carboxylic Acids

Nomenclature of Aldehydes & Ketones

Occurrence of Aldehydes & Ketones

Natural Products

Synthetic Preparation

Properties of Aldehydes & Ketones

Reversible Addition Reactions

Hydration & Hemiacetal Formation

Acetal Formation

Imine Formation

Enamine Formation

Cyanohydrin Formation

Irreversible Addition Reactions

Complex Metal Hydrides

Organometallic Reagents

Carbonyl Group Modification

Wolff-Kishner Reduction

Clemmensen Reduction

Hydrogenolysis of Thioacetals

Oxidations

Reactions at the ?-Carbon

Mechanism of Electrophilic ?-Substitution

The Aldol Reaction

Ambident Enolate Anions

Alkylation of Enolate Anions

Practice Problems

 

Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids

Natural Products

Related Derivatives

Physical Properties

Acidity

Preparation of Carboxylic Acids

Reactions of Carboxylic Acids

Salt Formation

Substitution of Hydroxyl Hydrogen

Substitution of the Hydroxyl Group

Reduction & Oxidation

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Carboxylic Derivatives

 

Physical Properties

Nomenclature

Reactions of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives

Acyl Group Substitution

Mechanism

Reduction

Catalytic Reduction

Metal Hydride Reduction

Diborane Reduction

Reaction with Organometallic Reagents

Practice Problems

Reactions at the ? Carbon

Acidity of ? C–H

The Claisen Condensation

Synthesis Applications

Practice Problems

 

 

 

Other Topics

Spectroscopy

 

Biochemicals

Mass Spectrometry

Ultraviolet-Visible Spectroscopy

Infrared Spectroscopy

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

 

Carbohydrates

Lipids

Proteins and Amino Acids

Nucleic Acids

 

 

 

Free Radicals

Heterocycles

 

 

Macromolecules

Organometallic Chemistry

 

 

Pericyclic Reactions

Photochemistry

 

 

Anionic Rearrangements

Cationic Rearrangements

 

 

Introduction to Synthesis

 

 

Principles of Modern Synthesis

Stereoselective Synthesis

 

 

 

Link to Organic Chemistry concept questions from the University of Wisconsin:  http://www.jce.divched.org/JCEDLib/QBank/collection/ConcepTests/topicsorg.html

 

The Molecular Editor provides practice in drawing structural formulas and Stereoisomeric Structural Formulas.  It also supports calculation of molecular properties and bioactivity scores.

 

SparkNotes also has valuable information on Organic Chemistry topics.

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